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ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY IN IMPROVING SAFETY ONBOARD MERCHANT SHIPS!



Safety on ships is of utmost importance to both the crew and passengers. Over the years, advancements in technology have helped improve safety on ships. In this article, we will look at how technology has contributed to the


safety


of ships, with a focus on navigation and machinery inspections.


Navigation:


Electronic Chart Display and Information System (ECDIS)

ECDIS is a computer-based navigation system that displays the ship's position on a digital chart. This system provides accurate and up-to-date information about the ship's position, depth, and other navigational hazards. ECDIS is a significant improve


ment over traditional paper charts and has greatly improved safety on ships.


Automatic Identification System (AIS)

AIS is a system that uses radio signals to identify and track ships in real-time. This system provides information about a ship's position, course, and speed, enabling other ships to avoid collisions. AIS has become mandatory for all ships over 300 gross tons since 2002, greatly reducing the risk of collisions.



Radar Systems

Radar systems are used to detect other ships and navigational hazards, such as icebergs or rocks. These systems provide early warning to the crew and allow them to take action to avoid potential accidents.


Global Positioning System (GPS)



GPS is a satellite-based navigation system that provides accurate and reliable positioning information. GPS has become a standard feature on all ships and has greatly improved the accuracy of navigation.


Machinery Inspections:




Condition Monitoring Systems

Modern ships now have condition monitoring systems that continuously monitor the condition of the ship's machinery, such as engines, pumps, and generators. These systems can detect potential problems before they cause a breakdown or f


ailure, allowing the crew to take preventive measures and avoid accidents.


Remote Monitoring Systems

Remote monitoring systems are also used in modern ships to monitor machinery and equipment from a distance. These systems can provide real-time information about the condition of the equipment and detect potential problems e


arly. This information can help the crew to take action quickly and prevent any accidents from happening.


Non-Destructive Testing (NDT)

Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) is a technique used to inspect the condition of ships' structures and machinery without causing any damag


e. NDT methods include ultrasonic testing, magnetic particle testing, and visual inspections, among others. These methods can detect potential defects, such as cracks or corrosion, before they become a safety hazard.


Underwater Inspection Systems

Underwater inspection systems are used to inspect the hulls of ships without dry docking. These systems use cameras and sensors to inspect the condition of the hull and detect any damage or corrosion. This technology can help ship owners to take preventive measures and avoid accidents caused by hull damage.


Autonomous Systems

The shipping industry is also exploring the use of autonomous systems to improve safety on ships. Autonomous systems can take over certain tasks, such as navigation or cargo handling, reducing the risk of human error. While fully a


utonomous ships are not yet a reality, the use of autonomous systems can greatly impr


ove safety on board and reduce the risk of accidents.


In conclusion, technology has made significant advancements in both navigation and machinery inspections, contributing to the safety of seafarers and passengers. The use of ECDIS, AIS, radar systems, and GPS have greatly improved navigation accuracy and reduced the risk of collisions. Similarly, the use of condition monitoring systems, remote monitoring systems, NDT, underwater inspection systems, and autonomous systems can detect potential problems early, allowing the crew to take preventive measures and avoid accidents. These advancements in technology have made ship


s safer and more efficient, ensuring the safety of all those on board.

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